FORMATION OF JAMAAT
It was against this background that the Jamaat-e-Islami was formed. It was the first organized Islamic reformist movement in the Indian subcontinent formed on 26th August 1941 in Lahore under the leadership of Syed Abul Ala Maududi, the Jamaat Addressed all Indians regardless of caste and creed. It appeals to a1l sections of humanity to eschew the path of violence and mutual hatred, terrorism and oppression, and to settle down to the task of building a Righteous Society on stable and abiding foundations. From its very inception, it advocated the cause of the Righteous Way, the way of peace and abiding well-being. It recalls to the Indian mind the message and teachings of all apostles, prophets and divine messengers. The Jama’at points out that the time has come for the nation and the world to learn from the traumatic past. We must learn from the experience of the west; and from the bitter turmoil that raged in our own country. The Jamaat believes that Islam and Muslims have a special commitment to building a peaceful and prosperous world, a world where there is no material exploitation, no division of human life into a separate material and spiritual domains, and where divine values hold good in all walks of life. A world where religion is no tool for hegemonisation, but is a way of life that is holistic and profoundly positive.
The Jamaat-e-Islami was not one more school among several religious schools, nor even a religious organization in the narrow sense. Nor did it claim to be the Al-Jama’at founded by the Prophet (peace be upon him). The doors of the organisation are thrown open to any citizen who accepts the sacred motto La i1aha illallah, Muhammadur Rasulullah in its entirety and all its implications, and is ready to work for the establishment of the divine order in the land. It rejects the un-Islamic principle ‘the end justifies the means’; instead, the Islamic movement professes the way adopted by the prophets, the way of peaceful and non-violent transmission of ideas. Till the attainment of freedom and the partition of the country, the Jamaat’s activities were confined to a propagation of ideas mainly literature and publications in Urdu. Not surprisingly, the circumstances did not allow the organization to win the Muslim society over to its way of thinking, since it had been divided between the national movement and the Muslim communal politics. Even so, the unique approach of this new organization made a deep impression on a substantial section of the educated intellectuals, particularly of the middle class. They were enthused to recognize in Islam a complete, divinely ordained way of living that can replace the many man-made materialistic systems. At the same time, the Jamaat faced stiff opposition from both the superstitious sections given to irrational and exploitative practices and the nationalistic and communalistic sections.
Organizational Structure of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind
- The Council of Representatives is elected by members for a period of four years.
- The Council of Representatives elects Amir-e-Jamaat.
- The Central Advisory Council comprises 18 members elected by the Council of Representatives and one Secretary General, ex–officio.
- Amir-e-Jamaat appoints Vice President, Secretary General and Secretaries in consultation with the Central Advisory Council.
- Zonal Amirs are appointed by Amir-e-Jamaat in consultation with the Advisory Councils of respective zones, keeping in mind the opinions of the members of the zone and the interest of the Jamaat.
- Zonal Advisory Councils are elected by the members of the respective zones.
- Local Amirs are appointed by Amir-e-Jamaat, keeping in mind the views of the members of the respective locations, the opinion of the Zonal Amir and interest of the Jamaat.
- Amir-e-Jamaat makes the regulations for District and Area Organisation set-up in consultation with the Central Advisory Council in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Jamaat. District and Area Organisers are appointed by Amir-e-Jamaat in consultation with Zonal Advisory Councils and Zonal Amirs.